Ethiopia will move its coffee fields uphill, to cooler regions, as a direct result of rising temperatures and worsening drought linked to climate change. The changing temperatures and the drought are currently hitting production.
Coffee is a large source of export revenue for Ethiopia; in the production year of 2017-2017, the coffee was worth more than € 743 million. With an average temperature climb of 1.3 degrees Celsius over the past three decades, the growing conditions have changed, says the Environment, Climate Change and Coffee Forest Forum (ECCCFF), an Ethiopian non-governmental organisation.
Growers experience stronger drought. As coffee is a crop sensitive to both moisture and temperature, growers also see a worsening of diseases that afflict coffee berries. To deal with these problems, Ethiopia’s government is now encouraging farmers to grow coffee in cooler areas, at higher elevations – up to 3,200 metres above sea level.
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