Chad’s Ndjamena is the most expensive capital on the continent. The city was ranked the most expensive in Africa and 11th in the world by global consulting firm Mercer, which bases its annual index on the average cost of living for employees working abroad.
According to a report by Al Jazeera/Reuters, the large influx of expatriates into Ndjamena has pushed housing prices higher in the country that is one of the world's poorest. Rental rates in the capital rival those of New York or London at upwards of $2,000 a month for a two-bedroom flat in the city centre.
In Ndjamena the rising price of housing and utilities have pushed many people out to neighborhoods with poor water and electricity facilities.
Mercer’s researchers put part of the blame for the high cost of living in Chad's landlocked location, oil-dependent economy and lack of infrastructure. “Nearly everything from food to clothing to furniture is imported and often by plane”, the report states.
Furthermore, Chad has been hit by drought, a refugee crisis and a costly military campaign to combat the armed group, Boko Haram. On the United Nations Human Development Index, which measures health, education and quality of life, Chad ranks third to last in the world.
Further reading on aljazeera.com